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Wednesday, May 11, 2016

【隨手快譯】護理人員在急症護理情境運用芳香療法的成效調查

隨手快譯,這是一篇以問卷調查的方式,統計護理人員在醫院為急性病患以芳香療法緩解症狀的成效研究,調查的結果,簡單摘譯如下:
1 最常被使用的是薰衣草
2 甜馬郁蘭造成的疼痛感受改變最多
3 薰衣草與甜馬郁蘭對焦慮徵狀的改變相當
4 薑精油對噁心症狀的改變最多
科學論文的用字嚴謹,從量表的數字看來,這些「感受改變最多」的效果,都是往「改善」、「減輕」的方向。

The effectiveness of nurse-delivered aromatherapy in an acute care setting.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the use and effectiveness of essential oil therapeutic interventions on pain, nausea, and anxiety, when provided by nurses to patients in acute hospital settings across a large health system. This study expands upon the limited body of literature on aromatherapy use among inpatients.

DESIGN:

Retrospective, effectiveness study using data obtained from electronic health records.

SETTING:

Ten Allina Health hospitals located in Minnesota and western Wisconsin.

INTERVENTIONS:

Nurse-delivered aromatherapy.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Change in patient-reported pain, anxiety, and nausea, rated before and after receiving aromatherapy using a numeric rating scale (0-10).

RESULTS:

There were 10,262 hospital admissions during the study time frame in which nurse-delivered aromatherapy was part of patient care. The majority of admissions receiving aromatherapy were females (81.71%) and white (87.32%). Over 75% of all aromatherapy sessions were administered via inhalation. Lavender had the highest absolute frequency (49.5%) of use regardless of mode of administration, followed by ginger (21.2%), sweet marjoram (12.3%), mandarin (9.4%), and combination oils (7.6%). Sweet marjoram resulted in the largest single oil average pain change at -3.31 units (95% CI: -4.28, -2.33), while lavender and sweet marjoram had equivalent average anxiety changes at -2.73 units, and ginger had the largest single oil average change in nausea at -2.02units (95% CI: -2.55, -1.49).

CONCLUSIONS:

Essential oils generally resulted in significant clinical improvements based on their intended use, although each oil also showed ancillary benefits for other symptoms. Future research should explore use of additional essential oils, modes of administration, and different patient populations.
Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

KEYWORDS:

Acute care; Anxiety; Aromatherapy; Essential oils; Nausea; Pain

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